カテゴリー「health protection」

Strategy for population protection and area rehabilitation in Russia in the remote period after the Chernobyl accident

Title: Strategy for population protection and area rehabilitation in Russia in the remote period after the Chernobyl accident

Author: Balonov MI, Anisimova LI, Perminova GS

Reference: J Radiol Prot 19:261–269, (1999)

doi: 10.1088/0952-4746/19/3/304

Keywords : population, contamination, protection, radionuclides

Abstract: The report presents the history of the development of criteria for radiation and social protection of the Russian population residing in the areas contaminated with radionuclides after the Chernobyl accident, in the remote time periods after the accident. The tendencies for reduction of standards with time are shown, and their causes are analysed. It is noted that the optimization principle was not applied in the explicit form for population protection. The current radiation situation in the contaminated areas of Russia is described, and the future situation is forecast. Main pathways of external and internal population exposure are described. Modern possibilities for reduction of the population exposure dose are discussed. The authors propose promising criteria and methods for population protection and rehabilitation of contaminated areas in Russia.

URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0952-4746/19/3/304/

Care of children in a natural disaster: lessons learned from the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami

Title: Care of children in a natural disaster: lessons learned from the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami

Author: Takeo Yonekura, Shigeru Ueno, Tadashi Iwanaka

Reference: Pediatric Surgery International, October 2013, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 1047-1051

DOI: 10.1007/s00383-013-3405-6

Keywords: Earthquake, Tsunami, Nuclear accident, Natural disaster, Children

Abstract: The Great East Japan earthquake was one of the most devastating natural disasters ever to hit Japan. We present features of the disaster and the radioactive accident in Fukushima. About 19,000 are dead or remain missing mainly due to the tsunami, but children accounted for only 6.5 % of the deaths. The Japanese Society of Pediatric Surgeons set up the Committee of Aid for Disaster, and collaborated with the Japanese Society of Emergency Pediatrics to share information and provide pediatric medical care in the disaster area. Based on the lessons learned from the experiences, the role of pediatric surgeons and physicians in natural disasters is discussed.



Ionizing Radiation and Health: What we all should know today

O.I. Timchenko

Marzeyev Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, Ukrainian National Academy of Medical Sciences Kiev, Ukraine



What lessons should people learn from the Fukushima catastrophe? What message and heritage should be handed to future generations on the nuclear catastrophe?
The post-Fukushima issue is not a simple question of alternatives, such as pro- or anti-nuclear power generation. The catastrophe and post-catastrophe management critically raised a series of questions to rethink modernity, namely, the relationships between science-technology and civilization, science and politics, the natural environment and society, government and citizens, locality and the globe, international society and nation state, culture and spirit, and so on. These questions should be shared by overseas colleagues to look for answers. The most urgent issue is the evacuees in Fukushima, whose number is still, at least, as many as 150 thousand according to the Reconstruction Agency of Japan. The number must be much more, including those who evacuated themselves voluntarily. The full account might be 190-200 thousand or more. Most of the evacuees, having been of large families in their rural homeland, now live separately in small temporary housing in urban or suburban areas with no certain perspective of their destiny, to the old homeland or a new one. Their destiny depends on the number of a so-far totally unknown unit of measurement, the sievert, milli-sievert, or micro-sievert.

A nuclear disaster is a war against an invisible enemy. People, seeing and hearing foreign accounts of the number of sieverts every day in the media, still remain almost illiterate about it, though having full information. Information must develop into knowledge.

Twenty-five years before the Fukushima accident, the Chernobyl disaster happened in the Soviet Union. Almost all Japanese were severely shocked at that time; however, as time passed, they forgot it. Focus on the catastrophe turned to other business. As a result, the people learnt no lessons from it. In the Chernobyl region, however, the people have been facing post-disaster aftereffects and radiation exposure all the time since the accident. Meanwhile, the SU collapsed, and the affected people’s destiny altered according to their new national belonging, that is, Russia, Belarus, or Ukraine.


The Slavic Research Center at Hokkaido University recently launched a joint research project “Catastrophe and Rebirth of Regions after Disasters: Chernobyl, Ajka, and Fukushima,” and the aim of the project is to draw lessons from the disasters for the rest of the world and the future generations to fight an invisible enemy. This booklet is the first joint product for the public between scholars in Ukraine and Japan answering practical questions in an era of nuclear civil protection from an invisible enemy: exposure to radiation.

The author of this booklet is Olga I. Timchenko, senior researcher at the Marzeyev Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, attached to the Ukrainian National Academy of Medical Sciences in Kiev, Ukraine. Her details are in the first pages of the contents.

Here, I provide a brief history of the booklet. In March 2013, I visited several research institutions of radiology in Kiev. The aim of the visit was to have a complex bird’s eye view on Chernobyl studies in Ukraine, and to pass the experience and knowledge to the Japanese, especially to the people affected by the Fukushima accident. Olga plays a leading role in the researches on the influence of radioactivity on the ecology at the Marzeyev Institute. She was the key person among those whom I met there, and I asked her to write a guideline essay on low-level exposure to radiation. Olga accepted it, saying, “With pleasure. The Ukrainian people are grateful to the Japanese people who helped the Ukrainian children. Now, it is the time for us to reciprocate.”

The booklet is full of experience and knowledge of the Ukrainian people, living a quarter of century after the nuclear catastrophe. It is indispensable for us. However, we have to develop their knowledge further on the basis of our own local experiences, because individual peoples and lands have their own physical and mental characteristics. As Olga writes, for example, balanced nutrition is essential to prevent the effects of radioactive doses. Then, we have to take into consideration the fact that diet differs greatly from nation to nation, or from area to area, and it can chronologically change within a nation or an area. The old Japanese diet of seafood is declining among the younger generation. This booklet, in any case, serves as a basic guideline to develop literacy against radioactive exposure.


I hereby express my deepest gratitude to Olga I. Timchenko. I extend my gratitude to Masumi Takaragawa, who is in charge of Chernobyl affairs at the Japan Embassy in Kiev, for her kind arrangement of my visit to Kiev in March 2013. Without her help, my stay in Kiev would not have been successful. Her family’s hospitality is unforgettable with Georgian cuisine, prepared by Uta, her husband.

Special thanks go to Tetsuji Imanaka, the Research Reactor Institute at Kyoto University, and David Wolff, the Slavic Research Center at Hokkaido University, for their many valuable comments on the Japanese/English translation of the original paper, written in Russian. The translation into Japanese and English from the Russian texts was conducted by Takashi Ieda, who otherwise helped me as an interpreter in Ukraine in March. All he did for this booklet was totally voluntary.

I, who supervised the translations, assume all responsibility, however. Any critical comments and suggestions are welcome.

I do hope that the booklet will help develop radioactive literacy everywhere in the world to fight the invisible enemy successfully.

Sapporo, November 2013

Professor Osamu Ieda The Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University

Medical support for Belarus after Chernobyl accident using a telemedicine system

Title: Medical support for Belarus after Chernobyl accident using a telemedicine system

Author: Kenichi Koike, Atsushi Komiyama, Masaomi Takizawa, Keiji Nakai, Sumio Murase, Sadako Kamiya, Minoru Kamata, Olga Vitelievna Oleinikova, Michail Bogatchenko

Reference: Japanese Journal of Medical Physics, Vol. 23 (2003) No. 1 p. 44-50

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11323/jjmp2000.23.1_44

Keywords: TV conference system, Belarus, Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Abstract: To achieve a close relationship among Gomel Regional Hospital (Gomel, Belarus), Belarusian Children Center of Hematology/Oncology (Minsk, Belarus) and Shinshu University Hospital, we established a telemedicine system using the Inmarsat satellite. The system consists of a TV conference system, a digital microscopic imaging system and a high definition image server/viewer network system (DICOM). The detailed case conference is possible among three areas of physicians.


Dynamics of health of children born from liquidators of the Chernobyl accident, and prevention of disorders thereof

Author: Ionova, O.M.

Reference: diss. Ivanovo: 2004

Abstract: Our aim is to detect and understand the characteristics of health of children born from liquidators of the Chernobyl accident, and to propose prophylactic measures in response to its negative effects, combining therapeutic, rehabilitative and medico-social means.

URL: http://www.referun.com/n/dinamika-zdorovya-detey-rodivshihsya-ot-likvidatorov-avarii-na-chernobylskoy-aes-i-profilaktika-ego-narusheniy


Socio-hygienic aspects of disability in affected by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and modern approaches to their rehabilitation

Title: Socio-hygienic aspects of disability in affected by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and modern approaches to their rehabilitation

Author: Boltenko, Zhanna Vyachaslavovna

Reference: Moscow, 2008

Keywords: rehabilitation, disability, socio-hygienic aspects

Abstract: The purpose of the research: to develop modern approaches to comprehensive rehabilitation of the disabled, following the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on the basis of socio-hygienic study of disability.


The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Accident, Ten Years After, International Cooperative Study on the Assessment of Health Effects

Title: The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Accident, Ten Years After, International Cooperative Study on the Assessment of Health Effects

Reference: Journal of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan / Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Vol. 38 (1996) No. 3 P 184-204

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3327/jaesj.38.184

Abstract: 10 years passed since the Chernobyl accident. Through international cooperation research on the health effects was conducted


In the Russian Scientific Commission on Radiological Protection

Author: SA Filippova

Reference:  Радиация и риск (Radiation and risk): 1997 Issue: 10

Abstract: During 1997, the work of the commission was focused on expert examination of legislative and regulatory documents and discussions on scientific and practical problems. Attempts to solve the difficult problem to create a unified law allowing to address issues of social protection in events of any radiation accident, were made ​​repeatedly. Draft of the Law of the Russian Federation on social protection of citizens exposed to radiation during accidents and nuclear tests was prepared by the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Civil Defense and Emergency Situations, Ministry of Emergency Situations, and was submitted by the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation to the Commission (04.04.1997).

URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/v-rossiyskoy-nauchnoy-komissii-po-radiatsionnoy-zaschite-7

Bibliographic Index of scientific publications in 2007 on medical aspects of mitigating the consequences of the Chernobyl accident

Compiled by SK Hoptynskaya, LS Neizvestnaya

Reference: Радиация и риск (Radiation and Risk), 2008 volume: 17, Issue: 4

URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/bibliograficheskiy-ukazatel-nauchnyh-publikatsiy-2007-goda-po-meditsinskim-aspektam-smyagcheniya-posledstviy-chernobylskoy-avarii

Draft resolution of the UN General Assembly. Reenforcement of international cooperation and coordination of efforts to study, mitigate and minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster

Reference: Journal: Радиация и риск (Radiation and Risk) (Bulletin of the National Radiation and Epidemiological Registry), Year: 2005 Issue: S2

Keywords: United Nations, international cooperation, consequences of the Chernobyl disaster

Abstract: Strengthening of coordination in fields of humanitarian aid and disaster relief provided by the United Nations, including special economic assistance.