タグ「thyroid cancer (child)」

Proceedings of the 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Thyroid Association 7 – November 10, 2001, Washington, DC (USA)

Reference: Journal Thyronet 2002 № 1-2

Abstract: Ostapenko et al. (Minsk, Belarus; New York, USA) investigated the relationship between the level of urinary iodine excretion, thyroglobulin (TG), thyroid volume and the incidence of thyroid cancer and nodular goiter among 11,200 inhabitants of Belarus, who, at the time of the accident, were under 18 years of age.

URL: http://www.thyronet.ru/spetsialistam/zhurnal/archiv/2002g/1-2/Materialy_73go_ejegodnogo_sezda_Amerikanskoi_Tireoidologicheskoi_Associacii.html?page=0

Study of possible radiation cancers after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on the most contaminated territories of Ukraine

Title: Study of possible radiation cancers after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on the most contaminated territories of Ukraine

Author: Prisyazhnyuk A.E., Grischenko V.G., Zakordonets V.A., Fuzik N.N., Slipenyuk E.M., Ryzhak I.N.

Reference: Radiatoin and Lisk 1995 No.6

Keywords: Zhitomir, Kiev

Abstract: Dynamic models of morbidity with malignant neoplasms on four most radiocontaminated territories of Zhitomir and Kiev oblasts of the Ukraine before and after the ChNPP accident were studied as well as indices of morbidity with tumours in the former Chernobyl district in the pre-accidental period were reconstructed. At the moment of the accident 274 thousand people among them 59200 children lived in five districts. In 1993, there were 152600 people including 25700 children in four districts (without Chernobyl one). It is found that for three categories of neoplasms – solid cancers, hemoblastoses and thyroid cancer – the frequency of the latter has been reliably increased (in particular in the children age group) what can be indicative of radiation effects.

URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/izuchenie-vozmozhnyh-radiatsionnyh-rakov-posle-avarii-na-chernobylskoy-aes-na-naibolee-zagryaznennyh-radionuklidami-territoriyah



20 years since Chernobyl

Author: GA Gerasimov, D. Figge

Reference: Journal: Clinical and Experimental thyroidologists Year: 2006 Vol: 2 Issue: 2

Abstract: Numerous studies have confirmed that the thyroid gland is one of the most radiation-sensitive organs of the human body, and thyroid cancer is one of the most common tumors induced by radiation. [1] Occurrence of cases of thyroid cancer after the Chernobyl accident itself was no news to the experts, but the huge increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer in children in the first years after the accident was, indeed, unexpected: within this period alone, there were more than four thousand cases of thyroid cancer among the children.

URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/chernobyl-dvadtsat-let-spustya

Cancer risk among chernobyl cleanup workers in Estonia and Latvia, 1986–1998

Author: Mati Rahu, Kaja Rahu, Anssi Auvinen, Mare Tekkel, Aivars Stengrevics, Timo Hakulinen, John D. Boice Jr, Peter D. Inskip

Reference: International Journal of Cancer, Volume 119, Issue 1, pages 162–168, 1 July 2006

Keywords: neoplasms; incidence; cohort; Chernobyl; Estonia; Latvia; radiation effects

Abstract: Two cohorts of Chernobyl cleanup workers from Estonia (4,786 men) and Latvia (5,546 men) were followed from 1986 to 1998 to investigate cancer incidence among persons exposed to ionizing radiation from the Chernobyl accident. Each cohort was identified from various independent sources and followed using nationwide population and mortality registries. Cancers were ascertained by linkage with nationwide cancer registries. Overall, 75 incident cancers were identified in the Estonian cohort and 80 in the Latvian cohort. The combined-cohort standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for all cancers was 1.15 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.98–1.34) and for leukemia, 1.53 (95% CI = 0.62–3.17; n = 7). Statistically significant excess cases of thyroid (SIR = 7.06, 95% CI = 2.84–14.55; n = 7) and brain cancer (SIR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.07–3.83; n = 11) were found, mainly based on Latvian data. However, there was no evidence of a dose response for any of these sites, and the relationship to radiation exposure remains to be established. Excess of thyroid cancer cases observed may have been due to screening, the leukemia cases included 2 unconfirmed diagnoses, and the excess cases of brain tumors may have been a chance finding. There was an indication of increased risk associated with early entry to the Chernobyl area and late follow-up, though not statistically significant. Further follow-up of Chernobyl cleanup workers is warranted to clarify the possible health effects of radiation exposure. (full article in English available on web)

URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.21733/full

Gender problems of oncology in Belarus

Title: Gender problems of oncology in Belarus

Author: Antipova S.I., Antipov V.V., Shebeko N.G.

Reference: Медицинские новости. – 2013. – №3.

Keywords: cancer, oncologic morbidity, mortality, lethality.

Abstract: The data of Belarusian cancer register on the morbidity of malignant tumors were summarized. There was shown the frequency of polyneoplasias. There was given a statistical and analytical picture of male and female oncology in Belarus; there is a tendency of age-specific cancer morbidity in men and women during 1999–2003 and 2006–2010. In Belarus the increase of morbidity takes place due to high cancer morbidity in the older age group and due to aging of population. Over the past 10 years there was observed the decrease of mortality in patients with cancer and the increase of contingents. It is possible to speak about oncomorphosis over the past decades. The highest morbidity is observed in the Gomel and Mogilev regions.

URL: http://www.mednovosti.by/journal.aspx?article=5512





Thyroid cancer in children

Author: E.P. Demidchik, Yu.E. Demidchik, V.Ya. Rebeko

Reference: Materials of the Intern. Scientific. Symposium “Medical aspects of radiation effects onto the population, living in contaminated territory after the Chernobyl accident”, Gomel, 6-7 May, 1994

Keywords: Belorussia, clinical experience

Abstract: Before the Chernobyl accident the incidence of thyroid cancer had been rare. After the accident the situation changed. Such incidence in children increased in the southern regions of the country, located near Chernobyl NPP. Experts consider that the increase was caused by radioiodine absorbed through inhalation or food. Clinical experience shows that the flow of thyroid cancer is more aggressive in children.

URL: http://www.mednovosti.by/news.aspx?id=609

Realistic Assessment of Chernobyl`s Health Effects.

Title: Realistic Assessment of Chernobyl`s Health Effects.

Author: Javorovski Z.: A

Reference: 21 th Century Science and technology, 1998, v. 11, № 1, p.14 – 25)



URL: http://www.ecoatominf.ru/divers/ch.htm

Chernobyl: German researchers give hope of recovery

Author: Darya Khruscheva


Keywords: Chernobyl, Fukushima, children

Abstract: According to huge amount of data on Chernobyl, children, young adults and adults, who have had thyroid cancer, are practically in good health today…. Dr. Reiners says the probability of children in Fukushima having thyroid cancer in the future is rather unreasonable. If the disease is cured in the early stage of its occurrence, the possibility of its successful recovery will be increased.

URL: http://germania-online.ru/wissenschaft-bildung/nauka-i-obrazovanie-detal/datum/2013/05/03/chernobyl-nemeckie-uchenye-dajut-nadezhdu-na-vyzdorovle.html

Data has shown high survival rate of children having thyroid cancer due to the Chernobyl accident

Reference: 26 April, 2013, News on Oncology

Keywords: development of screening

Abstract: Almost all children with thyroid cancer, subjected to research, have responded successfully to treatment. Thanks to the lessons of Chernobyl, researchers have developed knowledge of screening the early stage of thyroid cancer in children and young adults. Thus, later accidents, including Fukushima, should have less spreading of thyroid cancer.

URL: http://www.oncc.ru/issledovanie-pokazalo-vysokij-uroven-vyzhivaemosti-u-detej-s-rakom-shhitovidnoj-zhelezy-posle-chernobylskoj-avarii/

Keynote address at the International Conference 25 Years After the Chernobyl Accident: Safety for the Future


Title: Keynote address at the International Conference 25 Years After the Chernobyl Accident: Safety for the Future


Reference: WHO Speeches and presentations :The International Conference 25 Years After the Chernobyl Accident



Abstract: …Indeed, the uncertainty surrounding the health effects has contributed to increase the alarm in the affected communities as well as the sense of hopelessness towards a threat to health that was perceived as uncontrollable, threatening present and future generations. In many cases, Chernobyl has become the “explanation” for several problems, indeed attributable to broad public health causes and aggravated by the difficult political, economic and social transition the affected countries have experienced in recent years…. In summary, in the most severely affected countries, about 6000 people who were children and adolescents in April 1986 have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer so far. New thyroid cancer cases are expected in the coming decades among those exposed in 1986, although the magnitude of the risks and the number of future cases are difficult to quantify….

URL: http://www.euro.who.int/en/who-we-are/regional-director/speeches-and-presentations-by-year/2011/keynote-address-at-the-international-conference-25-years-after-the-chernobyl-accident-safety-for-the-future