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Author: Valentin Golosov

Reference: Soil and Tillage Research, Volume 69, Issues 1–2, February 2003, Pages 85-98

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(02)00130-7

Keywords: Chernobyl; ; Soil redistribution; Erosion; Method

137Cs, Soil redistribution, Erosion

Abstract: Vast areas of Europe were contaminated by the Chernobyl-derived in April–May 1986. This paper reports a detailed study of the post-fallout redistribution within a 1 ha field located in the Chasovenkov Verh catchment in the northern part of the Middle-Russian upland. Particular attention was paid to the study of reference inventories. It is shown that the random spatial variability of is similar within undisturbed and cultivated parts of a flat interfluve. Systematic spatial variability is not essential for a relatively short (200 m) topographical unit with simple relief. The analysis of a soil redistribution pattern within the study field using the Chernobyl technique demonstrates that it is possible to identify areas of soil loss/gain. This pattern does not reflect soil redistribution for the whole field, because these have been only 12 years since the Chernobyl accident. Net erosion rates based on method were comparable to soil losses directly measured at the study field.

Nuclear weapon and Chernobyl debris in the troposphere and lower stratosphere

Title: Nuclear weapon and Chernobyl debris in the troposphere and lower stratosphere

Author: Ludwika Kownacka, Zbigniew Jaworowski

Reference: Science of The Total Environment, Volume 144, Issues 1–3, 29 April 1994, Pages 201-215

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(94)90439-1

Keywords: Radionuclides; Troposphere; Stratosphere; Nuclear tests; Chernobyl

Radionuclides , 90Sr, 137Cs, Troposphere, Stratosphere, 134Cs, Nuclear tests

Abstract: High altitude aircraft sampling of aerosols has been carried out at 4–7 levels up to 15 km over Poland. From 1973 to 1991 a total of 102 vertical concentration profiles of 90Sr, 134Cs and 137Cs, and 83 profiles of 144Ce were determined. One year after the sub-megaton nuclear test in 1980, 137Cs was almost completely removed from the stratosphere. The Chernobyl debris was found in the stratosphere from the third day after the accident until the end of 1991. In May 1986 the concentration of 134Cs and 137Cs at stratospheric altitudes reached about 0.5% of that between the ground level and 3 km. Residence times of Chernobyl radiocesium in the lower stratosphere systematically increased between 1987 and 1991, in variance with those of the debris from nuclear tests. The vertical concentration profiles and the long residence times of radiocesium indicate that the non-violent meteorological processes were transporting the Chernobyl debris into the lower stratosphere, immediately and long after the accident. We postulate that the same quiescent processes transport vast amounts of resuspended particulate organics from the surface of land and sea into high altitudes, and may thus bear on the chemistry of the stratosphere.

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0048969794904391

 

Effects of physical rehabilitation of the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident with chronic pulmonary pathology

Title:Effects of physical rehabilitation of the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident with chronic pulmonary pathology
Author: CHIKINA S.YU., MESCHERYAKOVA N.N., CHERNYAK A.V., BELEVSKIY A.S., CHUCHALIN A.G.
Reference: Journal of modern clinical medicine. 2008, No.1
Annotation: The influence of physical rehabilitation on the dynamics of functional state of Chernobyl atomic electric station accident liquidators. Physical reabilitation improves tolerance to physical execises, but does”t influence pulmonary function probably because of the fact that special exercises for respiratory muscle weren”t included intothe programm of rehabilitation.
Key words:CHERNOBYL ATOMIC ELECTRIC STATION ACCIDENT LIQUIDATORS , TOLERANCE TO PHYSICAL EXERCISES , RADIONUCLID-INDUCED PNEUMOPATHY
http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/effekty-fizicheskoy-reabilitatsii-u-likvidatorov-avarii-na-chaes-s-hronicheskoy-bronholegochnoy-patologiey#ixzz3aSvr5hwP

Analysis of mortality of Chernobyl APP accident’s liquidators living on the territory of Tomsk region

Title: Analysis of mortality of Chernobyl APP accident’s liquidators living on the territory of Tomsk region

Author: Krayushkina N.P., Chernogoryuk G.E., Fateyeva S.N., Lazareva L.M., Solomakhina N.V., Yermolova S.V.

Reference:

Keywords: population health state, mortality, statistics, accident at Chernobyl APP.

Abstract: The dearth-rate is a common reference point for the population health state. Mortality coefficient in the second decade after the accident at Chernobyl APP increased at the average by 50%.

URL:http://www.fesmu.ru/elib/Article.aspx?id=134026

Peculiarities of hemopoiesis in Chernobyl event liquidators who live in the Tomsk region

Title: Peculiarities of hemopoiesis in Chernobyl event liquidators who live in the Tomsk region
Author: Porovsky Ya.V., Domnikova R.S., Tetenev F.F.
Reference: Siberian State Medical University
Keywords: Chernobyl event liquidators, peripheral blood, bone marrow.
Abstract: Results of peripheral blood analysis, performed annually during 12—14 years in 83 Chernobyl event liquidators and of the marrow which was analyzed once, at the end of abovementioned period in 23 participants are given. Changes in peripheral blood showed increased number of reticulocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes and decreased number of thrombocytes. Cellular structure of the marrow revealed decreased mean number of myelocytes, basophil and polychromatophil normoblasts and increased number of lymphoid and monocyte population cells. The deflections revealed in the hemopoiesis system may serve as reflection of continuing regeneration processes in the bone marrow and increased amount of somatic pathologies.
URL: http://mognovse.ru/qco-osobennosti-gemopoeza-u-likvidatorov-posledstvij-avarii-na.html

MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF CELL ALTERATIONS CAUSED BY CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO LOW INTENSITY IONIZING RADIATION DUE TO CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT

Title: MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF CELL ALTERATIONS CAUSED BY CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO LOW INTENSITY IONIZING RADIATION DUE TO CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT
Author: E.P. Sidorik*, A.P. Burlaka R.E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology, National Academy
Reference: Experimental Oncology 22, 179-185, 2000 (December) 179
Keywords:
Abstract:
URL: http://exp-oncology.com.ua/wp/wp-content/uploads/magazine/121.pdf?upload=

THE IMPACTS OF THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR DISASTER ON THE FOREST VEGETATION OF THE POLISSYA REGION OF UKRAINE

  • Title: THE IMPACTS OF THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR DISASTER ON THE FOREST VEGETATION OF THE POLISSYA REGION OF UKRAINE

Author: Dr. Mykolai Kaletnik, Dr. Petro Pasternak, Dr. Serhei Hrisiuk, Yurij Bihun

Reference:

doi:

Keywords:

Abstract: In the spring of 1986, the aftermath of the Chernobyl nuclear explosion left a substantial portion of the forested area of the Ukrainian Polissya region contaminated with radioactive fallout.  Although less than 14.5% of Ukraine is forested, nearly one-quarter (24.2%) of its woodlands (appox.2,371,600 ha) are located in the Polissya region.

URL: http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/hpg/envis/proceed/kaletnik.txt.html

Condition of peripheral blood system in children and adolescents, who are living in radiated polluted area (study in 10 years after Chernobil accident).

Title: Condition of peripheral blood system in children and adolescents, who are living in radiated polluted area (study in 10 years after Chernobil accident).
Author: Dubey L.Ya.
Reference: 14.01.310 – pediatria. – Kharkov state Medical University, the Ministry of Public Health, Kharkov, 2001.
Key words: children, adolescents, peripheral blood system, inner radiation, environment pollution.
Annotation:This work is devoted to a problem of influence of low doses radiations on peripheral blood in children and adolescents, who are living in northern areas of Zhitomir region.The conditions of children’s health, who are living in radiated polluted area was studied. Children’s deaseses at postaccident period was investigated. Total and characteric changes of health conditions due to low doses radiations was determined. The epidemiology of inner radiation toward incorporation radiocezium level was studied. Different inner radiation doses influence on blood system was investigated.Peripheral blood conditions data in children and adolescents due to radiated polluted environment and tot al inner radiotions activity was determined. The correlative analisis of different peripheral blood data in children and adolescents due to the level of` inner radiotions density activity was performed.

Radioactivity in mushrooms, mosses and soil samples of defined biotops in SW Bavaria-two years after “Chernobyl”

Title: Radioactivity in mushrooms, mosses and soil samples of defined biotops in SW Bavaria-two years after “Chernobyl”

Author: E. F. Elstner, Rita Fink, W. Höll, E. Lengfelder, H. Ziegler

Reference:Oecologia, August I 1989, Volume 80, Issue 2, pp 173-177

doi: 10.1007/BF00380147

Keywords : Cesium isotopes, Chernobyl, 40K, Mushrooms

Abstract:Mushrooms, the moos/grass layer and soil samples have been collected in autumn 1987 from two sites in SW-Bavaria in continuation of a former investigation (Elstner et al. 1987). There were still relatively high amounts of 137Cs and 134Cs in all samples. The ratio 137Cs/134Cs changed according to the different half-life times of the two radioisotopes, indicating in nearly all cases the Chernobyl accident as source. The distribution of the radioisotopes within the mushroom populations shows considerable variation, even within the same species and location. Besides 137Cs, 134Cs and 40K no other radioisotopes were detected.

URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00380147

Effect of chronic irradiation on plant resistance to biotic stress in 30-km Chernobyl nuclear power plant exclusion zone

Title: Effect of chronic irradiation on plant resistance to biotic stress in 30-km Chernobyl nuclear power plant exclusion zone

Author: A. P. Dmitriev, D. M. Grodzinskii, N. I. Gushcha, M. S. Kryzhanovskaya

Reference:Russian Journal of Plant Physiology , November 2011, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 1062-1068

doi: 10.1134/S1021443711060045

Keywords : Triticum aestivum, Secale cereale, Zea mays, Erysiphe graminis, Puccinia triticana, P. graminis, phytoimmunity, exclusion zone of Chernobyl Nuclear Power plant, low doses of chronic irradiation, plant inhibitors of proteinases

Abstract:It was established in greenhouse experiments that infection with powdery moldew (Erysiphe graminis DC. f. sp. tritici Em. Marchal) and brown rust (Puccinia triticana Erikss. & Henn.) of three wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars (Mironovskaya 808, Polesskay 70, and Kiyanka) grown from seeds, collected in the Chernobyl exclusion zone, was 1.5–2.0 times higher than of plants grown from control seeds. On field trials in the Chernobyl zone, wheat plant resistance to biotic stress was reduced. At artificial infection with brown rust, the disease development was enhanced on plots with increased radiation background. One of the mechanisms of the declined phytoimmunity potential under the action of low doses of chronic irradiation is evidently a reduced activity of plant proteinase inhibitors. Thus, in wheat and rye (Secale cereale L., cv. Saratovskaya) grains, their activity reduced by 35–60% as compared to control. Active form and race formation in the population of the cereal stem rust causal agent (Puccinia graminis Pers.) was observed in the Chernobyl zone. A “new” population of this fungus with high frequency of more virulent clones than in other Ukraine regions was distinguished. The results obtained independently in greenhouse and field trials performed in the Chernobyl zone demonstrated radiation stress influence on the pathogen-plant interactions. They indicate a necessity of monitoring the microevolutionary processes occurring in both plants and their pathogens under conditions of technogenic stresses.

URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S1021443711060045

 

 

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